Archive: Canterbury, Christ Church

A.D. 867 x 870. Eadweald, son of Oshere, and Cynethryth, widow of Æthelmod, aldorman ; agreement concerning land at Chart, Kent. English.


+ Ðis is geðinge Eadwaldes Osheringes 7 Cyneðryðe, Eðelmodes lafe aldormonnes, ymbe ðet lond et Cert ðe hire Eðelmod hire hlabard salde. Wes hit becueden Osbearte his broðar suna, gif he Cyneðryðe oferlifde, 7 siððan neniggra meihanda ma ðes cynnes; ac hia hit atuge yfter hira dege swe hit him boem rehtlicast 7 elmestlicast were.

Ðonne hebfað Eadwald 7 Cyne ðas wisan ðus fundene mid hira friandum. Gib Eadweald leng lifige ðonne Cyneðryð, geselle et ðem londe et Cert x ðusenda. Gif he gewite er ðonne hia, his barna sue hwelc sue lifes sie agefe ðet feoh ond atee sue hit soelest sie for ða hit begetan. Nis Eðelmode enig meghond neor ðes cynnes ðanne Eadwald, his modar his broðar dohtar; mest cyn ðet he ðet lond hebbe 7 his beorn yfter him, 7 sue ateon sue him nytlicas[t] ðynce for ða ðe hit mid reohte begetan.

+ Ego Ceolnoð mid Godes gefe ercebisceop þis mid Christus rode tacne festnie 7 write.
+ Ego ðelwald episcopus consensi
+ Ego Whelm episcopus consensi
+ Ego Osmund presbiter consensi
+ Ego Eðelwald presbiter consensi
+ Ego Biarnhelm presbiter consensi
+ Ego Eardulf presbiter consensi
+ Ego Eðelmund presbiter abbas consensi
+ Ego Sefred presbiter consensi
+ Ego Biarnhelm presbiter consensi
+ Ego Eadgar presbiter abbas consensi
+ Ego Elfstan presbiter consensi
+ Ego Sigefreð presbiter consensi
+ Ego Sigefreð archidiaconus consensi
+ Ego Ealhstan archidiaconus consensi
+ Ego Biarnnoð archidiaconus consensi
+ Ego Cialbarht subdiaconus consensi
+ Ego Wealdhelm subdiaconus consensi
+ Ego Tirwald subdiaconus consensi
+ Ego Oba minister consensi
+ Ego Biarnhelm presbiter abbas consensi
+ Ego Sigemund presbiter consensi
+ Ego Wynhelm archidiaconus consensi
+ Ego Wunbeald consensi
+ Ego Wermund consensi

This is the agreement between Eadweald Oshering and Cynethryth, widow of Earl Aethelmod, with regard to the land at Chart which Aethelmod her lord gave her. It was bequeathed to Osberht, his brother's son, if he survived Cynethryth, but afterwards to no other member of the family; but she should arrange for its disposal after their time, as might be for them both most just and most charitable.

Now Eadweald and Cynethryth have devised the following arrangements with the help of their friends. If Eadweald live longer than Cynethryth, he is to give for the estate at Chart ten thousand. If he die before her, whichever of his children is alive is to pay the money and dispose of the estate in whatever way is best for those who have acquired it. There is no one nearer of kin to Aethelmod than Eadweald, whose mother [was] his brother's daughter; it is most natural that he should have the land, and his children after him, and [that they] should dispose of it in whatever way may seem to them most beneficial to those who lawfully acquired it.